Phonics and Reading

Phonics and Reading


At Dartford Primary Academy we are very passionate about reading and believe it to be a vital life skill. Our aim is that all our pupils foster a love of reading.  Children are encouraged to read a diverse range of books by varied authors. This has been promoted through Buster’s Book Club which encourages children to read every Wednesday night; the winning class, with the most reading minutes, receives the Buster’s Book Club reward on Friday in assembly.  As quoted by Dr Seuss, “The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go.” Daily reading lessons take place which deepen not only the pupils’ reading skills but also their comprehension skills. These lessons are planned according to the National Curriculum requirements.

We use the Read Write Inc programme to teach children phonics in EYFS and KS1 in order to support them with developing their reading skills.  The children are taught to read words by blending, which means pushing all the sounds together to make a word. Children are also taught to spell words by segmenting, which means sounding out words and writing down the sounds they can hear. Once the children are confident with blending and segmenting, they are encouraged to read words on sight. The programme teaches children to read words at a quicker pace in order to develop fluency when reading.  Those children who continue to need support with their reading at KS2 continue to be taught the RWI programme. For more information click on the following link https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/

Spellings are provided weekly at KS1 based from the RWI programme.  At the end of Year One children take a test called a Phonics Screening Check.  They have to read 40 real and nonsense words.  We call the nonsense words ‘Alien words’ and the children practice reading them every day. At KS2 children are taught spellings based on the National Curriculum which focuses on the development of spelling rules and patterns which are then encouraged to be practised within extended writing opportunities across the curriculum. Children are also encouraged to practice their spellings through editing and improving their writing across the curriculum.
RWI Ruth Miskin- What is Read Write Inc?

Here are some useful resources to help  support your child with phonics:


These are words the children read every day. They need to sound it out in their head or out loud before they blend them.





Nonsense words are words that aren’t real. The children are reminded to try and not make these into real words.

Set 1 nonsense words

Set 2 nonsense words

Set 3 nonsense words